Restoring Habitats

Step into the habitat of vulnerable local species within the preserved peatlands of Tanjung Kelayang Reserve. Join us in our commitment to safeguarding biodiversity through reforestation efforts and planting indigenous species. Engage in our conservation initiatives, from reforestation to wildlife education to help sustain the biodiversity of the area

The Flame Skimmer

The Flame Skimmer is a very common species found in the open aquatic habitats of our reserve. During the middle of the day, they can often be seen perching on grass at the edge of ponds. Highly territorial, these dragonflies protect their females and their perching places. With their bright colors, they are easy to spot against the vibrant green backdrop of the forest.

Neurothemis fluctuans, commonly known as the Flame Skimmer, is a dragonfly species with a distinctive appearance, found in various parts of Asia. The male boasts vibrant red colors and exhibits sexual dimorphism. This species plays a crucial role in controlling vector insect populations, such as mosquitoes and other flies, contributing significantly to its ecological importance.

Neurothemis fluctuans is widespread across Asia, inhabiting diverse freshwater habitats. The visual differences between male and female dragonflies are driven by evolutionary pressures related to mating strategies, reproductive success, and ecological roles. Despite its prevalence, Neurothemis fluctuans is assessed as Least Concern and is not considered threatened.

In many dragonfly species, including Neurothemis fluctuans, males are often more visually striking and attractive than females. This phenomenon is attributed to sexual selection, a process where certain traits evolve because they confer an advantage in securing mates. The elaborate colors, patterns, and structures observed in male dragonflies serve multiple purposes, from attracting females to deterring rivals.

Granite mosses

Granite mosses, thriving on granite rocks in mountainous or rocky areas such as the Tanjung Kelayang Reserve, demonstrate impressive adaptability to harsh environmental conditions. Belonging to the Bryophyte family, they play essential roles in ecosystem processes by stabilizing soil, providing habitat, and serving as food sources for small organisms. Particularly in coastal regions where granite meets the ocean, certain moss species show the ability to colonize rocky substrates, enduring salt spray, strong winds, and varying moisture levels. Their presence significantly contributes to the formation of unique coastal ecosystems, supporting soil stabilization and providing habitat for organisms adapted to such challenging conditions. Overall, granite mosses exemplify resilience and are crucial in shaping and sustaining diverse ecosystems.

The growth of moss on granite surfaces is intricately connected to moisture availability, as mosses depend on water for survival and colonization. Granite’s moisture-retaining capacity creates suitable microhabitats for moss colonization, with dew, rain, or fog providing an ideal environment for moss spores to thrive. Additionally, moisture trapped within granite crevices and pores serves as a consistent water source for moss growth, especially in humid environments or near bodies of water. This correlation extends to granite sedimentation, where mosses tend to thrive in moist environments associated with water flow or accumulation, such as rivers, streams, or coastal regions. The porous nature of granite further aids moss growth by retaining moisture both on its surface and within its sedimentary layers. Over time, mosses contribute to the breakdown of granite sedimentation through root penetration and organic matter accumulation, influencing sediment composition and contributing to soil formation. Thus, the presence of mosses within granite sedimentation reflects the complex interplay between moisture availability, substrate characteristics, and ecological processes.

The buff-necked woodpecker

The buff-necked woodpecker, a species belonging to the Picidae family, has been recorded for the first time on Belitung Island, marking a significant discovery for the reserve. This bird inhabits Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitats include subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and swamps, where it faces significant threats from habitat loss.

The buff-necked woodpecker thrives in primary evergreen and semi-evergreen lowland forests characterized by dense undergrowth and decaying stumps, as well as peat swamp forests and tall secondary formations. While most sightings occur below 600 meters, the species has been recorded at elevations up to 1,250 meters. Although recent studies suggest its ability to persist in logged forests, it struggles to maintain viable populations in areas where closed-canopy forests have been cleared.

Repeated surveys are essential to assess population declines and range contractions, while advocacy efforts are crucial for protecting remaining lowland forest habitats. The buff-necked woodpecker is likely experiencing a moderate rapid decline throughout its range due to habitat loss and degradation, leading to its classification as Near Threatened. Monitoring for any future changes in decline rates is imperative. The discovery of the buff-necked woodpecker on Belitung Island is a testament to the importance of conservation and highlights the need to protect and preserve the island’s unique biodiversity.

Behold the mesmerizing silvered langur

Behold the mesmerizing silvered langur, gracefully navigating the lush canopies of Southeast Asian forests. Their striking appearance and elegant movements captivate all who encounter them.

The silvered langur, also known as the silvery lutung or silver leaf monkey, is a captivating primate species indigenous to Southeast Asia. Renowned for their stunning aesthetic, these monkeys boast a distinctive silver-gray coat complemented by a contrasting black face. Predominantly found in lush tropical forests, they navigate their arboreal habitats with agility and grace. Their diet primarily consists of leaves, classifying them as folivores. However, they also supplement their nutrition with fruits, flowers, and occasionally insects, showcasing a diverse palate. Their foraging behavior plays a vital role in the ecosystem, contributing to seed dispersal and maintaining the balance of plant populations.

Due to substantial habitat loss within the species’ range, it is suspected that there has been a decline likely exceeding 30% over the past three generations, spanning approximately 36 years. Consequently, the species qualifies for listing as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Considering the ongoing habitat degradation, as indicated by the World Forest Status report, and the escalating hunting pressure, it is anticipated that the species will continue to decline at a similar rate in the foreseeable future.

Fortunately, in the heart of the Reserve primary forest, these majestic primates roam freely, contributing to the rich biodiversity of the primary forest ecosystem. Their presence within the Tanjung Kelayang Reserve highlights the critical role of conservation efforts in safeguarding their habitat and ensuring the preservation of this iconic species for generations to come.